Zi:的

From Wenlin Dictionaries

[de] (gr. part.) attributive; possessive; nom.; rel. [] ​的 mùdì target/goal [] 的​ díquè really [] 的​ taxi [] (HDC:) ​

5 monosyllabic entries in The ABC Chinese-English Comprehensive Dictionary (namespace Ci):

¹de* {A} s.p.(of subordination)wọ̌ mǎi ∼ shū 我买∼书 the book I bought(noun-forming, like English -er)kānmén ∼ 看门∼ doorkeepercons. (shì) A ∼ action emphasizing AWǒ shì zuótiān mǎi ∼. 我是昨天买∼。 It was yesterday that I bought it.Wọ̌ xiǎng (shì) bụ̀ huì xiàyǔ ∼. 我想(是)不会下雨∼。 I think it's unlikely to rain.cons.〈coll.〉 byZhè jiān wūzi shì wụ̌ mǐ ∼ liù mǐ, hé sānshí píngfāng mǐ. 这间屋子是五米∼六米, 合三十平方米。 This room is 5 x 6 meters, or 30 square meters.〈topo.〉 plusWǔ ge ∼ liù ge, yị̄gòng shíyī ge. 五个∼六个, 一共十一个。 Five plus six is eleven.
⁴dī {E} n. 〈coll.〉 cab
⁶dí {E} b.f. in reality ►díquè 的确
⁶dì {E} b.f.target; bull's-eye ►wúdìfàngshǐ 无的放矢objective ►¹mùdì 目的
d s.p. (used in place of ¹de in some pinyin writing, esp. to indicate an attributive phrase, or possessive, and occasionally interspersed in character writing)Tā shì zuótiān lái ∼. 他是昨天来∼。 He came yesterday.

7684.png
The character 的 de (grammatical particle) is an old form, formerly 的 dì ‘target/goal’ (​的), re-used for 的 de (gr. part.), in some senses replacing old ​ zhī.
    Note: 的 is the most common Chinese character, usually 的 de ‘of; X's; etc.’, but less often also 的 dì/dí; see below ⑴, ⑵, ⑶.
    The Shuōwén Seal form of 的(​) dì ‘(bright/white bull's-eye) target’ combines ​ bái ‘white’ (formerly ​ rì ‘sun/bright’), and ​ dì ‘bull's-eye with arrow’ (phonosemantic).
    Note: In 的 the left-side component was once ​ rì ‘sun/bright’, not ​ bái ‘white’; the form with ​ was invented to distinguish the grammatical usages, but later that distinction was lost; the right side of 的 looks like ​ ‘spoon’, but was really ​/的/​ dì ‘bull's-eye with arrow’ (arrow hitting the center of an archery target).
    Compare: ​(​𥏼) zhì ‘wisdom’, ​ zhī ‘know/knowledge’; both of these characters use archery metaphors.
    ⑴ 的 de : ‘a grammatical particle’ with attributive (​的​), possessive (​的​), nominalizing (​的), relativizing (​的​), and other uses (的/​/​/​/etc.).
    ⑵ 的 dì : ‘(bull's-eye of a) target’, as in ​的 mùdì, ​的​ wúdìfàngshǐ; also ​/的 dì ‘bright/white’ (的的, 的​).
    ⑶ 的 dí : the tone-2 reading is rare, mainly in 的​ díquè ‘certainly/precisely’ (的的​), but also in a few uncommon expressions (的​, 的​, 的​, ​的​).
    HDZ: 的 : dì : ​, ​; ​; ​的​ (​的, ​的​); (​) ​的​; ​; ​的​; ​; ​: ​ • dí : (​) (​, ​; ​, ​; ​) • de : (​) (​的​, ​的​; ​的​, ​的​; …)
►references: Guǎngyùn:521.31; Karlgren:AD860,GS1120h,GSR1120h; Hànyǔ Dà Zìdiǎn:4.2644.16; Mathews:6213; Kāngxī Zìdiǎn:786.07; Bǐshùn Guīfàn:084.1.05; EDOC:1
►components:
►Cantonese: dik\
►stroke 的 (... strokes)   
►list characters containing 的 as a component
►list words containing 的 (most common words first)
Unicode: U+7684
►web links for ‘的’
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