From Wenlin Dictionaries

(F​) [duì] toward (对​); oppose/contrast (​对); treat/handle (对​), answer/respond (对​); correct/right/yes (对, 对​); 对​ excuse me

One monosyllabic entry in The ABC Chinese-English Comprehensive Dictionary (namespace Ci):

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The simple-form character 对 (5 strokes) is an abbrev. of the full-form character ​ (14 strokes), replacing the complex left side of ​ (1st 11 strokes) with ​ (2 strokes).
    Note: The simple-form component ​ replaces various different complex full-form components, as in ​/​, ​/​, ​/​; cf. ​.
    The full-form character ​ (14 strokes) is itself an abbrev. of the old form ​𡭊 (16 strokes), replacing the old lower-left component ​ (3 strokes) with ​ (1 stroke).
    The Shuōwén Seal form of ​𡭊 duì ‘answer/respond (in kind, proportionally/appropriately/truthfully)’ is said to combine ​ zhuó ‘thick/lush/competing brush/growth’ (to be cleared away, explained), with ​ kǒu ‘mouth/speech’, and ​ cùn ‘measure’ (considered/measured response, cf. ​); later wr. ​, replacing the old lower-left component ​ ‘mouth’ (as in ​ ‘tongue’) with ​ shì ‘soldier/scholar’, signifying ​ shìshí ‘fact’, a factual/truthful response (XK, GY, DYC), not a lie (such as would be punishable by cutting out the tongue).
    Note: The answer/response is said to be variable, proportional to the forcefulness of the request/inquiry, just as the sound produced by a bell is proportional to the force with which the bell is struck (DYC); that is, the component ​ functions here as it does in ​(​𤑽𤎸) yè ‘wooden frame with teeth/pegs for hanging bells/drums/chimes’, cf. ​.
    Note: In the modern form ​ (14 strokes) two strokes are lost, as the bottom of ​ blends into ​; the expected stroke count would be ​󰀁 (16 strokes) = ​ (10) + ​ (3) + ​ (3).
    Compare: ​/​ duì ‘hate/detest’, in which 对/​ duì ‘rival/opponent/adversary’ (phonosemantic); cf. ​: ​, 对​.
    Compare: ​(​𨐌) xīn ‘bitter/work hard’; ​𨐋(​) qiān ‘criminal’ (​); ​ yán ‘direct speech’.
    Older graphs associated with ​/​𡭊 perhaps have ​ ‘earth’ instead of ​ (HDZ); cf. ​.
    Compare: ​(​) shù ‘tree’, in which 对 is an abbrev. of ​ shù (phonosemantic).
    Compare: ​ zhǐ ‘embroidery’, ​ pú ‘trivial details’, ​ cóng, ​ yè (all with ​ component in SW).
►references: Wieger:102i; Karlgren:AD1140; Hànyǔ Dà Zìdiǎn:1.503.10; Mathews:6562; Bǐshùn Guīfàn:021.1.01; Wáng(1993):101; EDOC:0
►Cantonese: deui-
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Unicode: U+5BF9
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